Native Plant Communities in Auckland City

Plant Communities

Auckland was once clothed in broadleaf forest with a mix of kauri and podocarps, except where volcanic eruptions had altered the landscape.

Despite centuries of historical and cultural change, Auckland still retains a rich array of native plants; over 200 plant species are still growing naturally in the city's parks and reserves, including 80 species of trees and shrubs, 17 vine species and 77 fern species.

There are three main types of plant communities still existing to varying degrees of "natural-ness" on the isthmus.

They are:

Forests  

  • Kauri
  • Lava field
  • Coastal
  • Gully

Scrublands

Estuarine Wetlands

 

In this section we will describe the main plants living in each community, and local parks and reserves which provide examples of that community.