The Value of Marine Management Tools

Marine reserves, marine parks, sanctuaries, mataitai, rahui - there are many different tools used to protect marine areas. But what do they do and how well do they protect our marine life?

 

 

Marine Management Tools
Tool Protection
Strict nature reserves
Permanent no-take, restricted access area (except by permit for scientific research and management). There are no strict nature reserves in New Zealand.
Complete
Marine Parks
Permanent, restricted take and restricted access areas. Marine parks usually fall under the Harbours Act or under their own special legislation. New Zealand has 3 marine parks (Mimiwhangata, Tawharanui and the Hauraki Gulf).
Medium - Low
Marine parks
Permanent, restricted take and restricted access areas. Marine parks usually fall under the Harbours Act or under their own special legislation. New Zealand has 3 marine parks (Mimiwhangata, Tawharanui and the Hauraki Gulf).
Medium- Low
Mataitai
Permanent customary food gathering areas, usually prohibiting commercial access and managed by tangata whenua. There are more than 10 mataitai in place and more than 30 proposed.
Medium-Low
Taipure
Permanent, open access customary fisheries areas, protected for food, spiritual or cultural reasons. Managed by the Minister of Fisheries with tangata whenua advice. New Zealand has eight taiapure.
Medium- Low
Marine Mammal Sanctuaries
Permanent, restricted use areas managed to provide a refuge for marine mammals. There are five sanctuaries for Hector’s and Maui’s dolphins around mainland New Zealand and one around the Auckland Islands to protect NZ sea lions.
Medium - Low
Rahui
Temporary no-take areas put in place by tangata whenua.
Medium - Low
Wildlife sanctuaries and refuges
Permanent areas managed to protect particular species in a specific geographical area.
Medium-Low
 
Other fisheries closures (Section 186, 186a, 186b Fisheries Act 1996)
Temporary or seasonally restricted areas managed to protect particular species in a specific geographical area.
Medium - Low
Cable protection zones
Permanent restricted areas to protect cables or pipes from damage. Fishing and anchoring is prohibited or heavily restricted.
Medium-Low